您当前的位置:网站首页>牙结石怎么去除,望其项背-成年人思考模式,带领你成长

牙结石怎么去除,望其项背-成年人思考模式,带领你成长

2019-07-08 08:28:58 投稿作者:admin 围观人数:170 评论人数:0次

向学霸进军汇总收拾2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案,考题由闻名专家结合了高考纲要(考试阐明)并依托最新时势为布景出的,经过此次考试,2020届高三的考生可了解自己的温习备考状况,一同高一高二的同学也能够作为高考温习资料。

2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考各科试题及答案目录一览

2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考(语文科目)试题及答案

2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考(数学科目)试题及答案

2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考(英语科目)试题及答案

2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考(物理/化学/生物)试题及答案

2019江西省九江高二下学期期末考(地舆/前史/政治)试题及答案

触宝电话

附:高中英语语法常识总结之定语从句

在复合句中,润饰某一名词或代词,用作定语的从句叫做定语从句(attributive clause)。被定语从句所润饰的词叫做先行词(antecedent)。定语从句有必要放在先行词之后。引导定语从句的关联词有联系代词who、whom、whose、which、that和联系副词when、where、why等。

一、联系代词和联系副词的功用

联系代词和联系副词功用有三个:

1)用来引导定语从句,在先行词和定语从句之间起枢纽效果,使二者联系起来。

2)联系代词和联系副词可作定语从句的一个成分。联系代词可作主语、宾语、定语;联系副词可作状语。

3)联系代词和联系副词在从句中替代在他前面的先行词。

1、作主语

联系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数应与先行词共同。

All that is needed is a supply of oil.所需求的是很多的油。(引导词that在句中作主语)

The foreigner who visited our class yesterday is from Canada. 昨日到我班来访的外国人来自加拿大。(引导词who在句中作主语)

2、作宾语

在定语从句里作宾语的联系代词在白话中常被省去

The noodles (that) I cooked were delicious. 我煮的面条美味可口。(引导词that,可省掉)

The fish (which) we bought wes not fresh. 咱们买的鱼不新鲜。(引导词which,可省掉)

3、作定语

联系代词whose在定语从句中作定语用。

This is the boy whose mothe就差钱r is our Chinese teacher. 这便是那个男孩,他母亲是咱们的语文教师。

留意:联系代词whose在从句中与它所润饰的词一同作介词宾语时,能够跟介词放在主语和从句之间。

王国维

The boss in whose company Mr. Kang worked called at th家宴e hospital. 老板到医院访问了康先生,康先生在他的公司里作业。

4、作状语

联系副词where, when和why在定语从句中别离作地址状语、时刻状语和原因状语。

I'll never forget the time when we worked on the farm. 我将永久不会忘掉咱们在农场作业的那段日子。

The factory where his father works is in the west of the city. 他父亲作业的那个工厂在城市的西部。

This is the reason why he came late. 这便是他来晚的理由。

That和those可作定语从句的先行词,但this和 these不能,一同,在作先行词时,只要those可指人,试比较:

(对) He admired that which looked beautiful. 

他欣赏表面美丽的东西。

(对) He admired those who looked beautiful.

他欣赏那些表面美丽的人。(those指人)

(错) He admired that who danced well. 

(that作宾汽车贷款计算器语时不能指人)

(对) He admired those who danced well. 

他欣赏跳舞好的人。(those指人)

(对) He admired those which looked beautiful.

他欣赏那些表面美丽的东西。(those指物)

二、联系代词的用法work

英语中的联系代词有who,whom,whose,which,that和as。它们的用法如下:

1、who,whom的用法

who和whom指人,who在定语从句中作主语;whom在定语从句中作宾语,在约束性定语从句中可省掉。在白话中可用who替代whom。

In the beginning, people who bought the tomato often got angry. 起先,买到西红柿的人常常会气愤。(作主语)

The person (whom) you should write to is Mr. Ball. 你应该给他写信的人是波尔先生。(whom作宾语能省掉)

His mother, whom he loved dearly, died in 1818. 他很爱你的母亲,她于1818年逝世了。(whom引导非约束性定语从句,作宾语但不能省掉)

2、whose的用法

whose 指人或物,在定语从句中作定语,指物经常可用of which替代。

I have a friend whose father is a mayor. 我有个朋友,他父亲是市长。

We lived in a house whose window faces south. 咱们住在窗口朝南的房子里。

3、which 的用法

which指物,在定语从句中作主语和宾语,作宾语时,在约束性定语从句中可省掉。

They needed a plant which didn't need as much water as rice.他们需求一种不像水稻那样需求水的作物。(作主语,不能省掉)

It情深深雨蒙蒙演员表 is used to record the tickets (which) passengers buy.它用来记载乘客所购买的车票。(作宾语,能够省掉)

He came late, which we all know. 咱们都知道,他来晚了。(作宾语,在非约束性定语从句中不省掉)

4、that 的用法

that 多指物,有时也指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语,指物时其用法和which大致相同,但也有差异。

All the people that come from the country work much harder. 一切来自乡村的人作业都更尽力。(that指人,在从句中作主语,不能省掉)

She is the only person(that) I can trust. 她是我仅有能够依靠的人。(that指人,在从句中作宾语,能够省掉)

5、联系代词that和which的差异

(1)相同点

这两个联系代词引导定语从句时,都能够指物;在从句中都可作主语或宾语;作宾语时都可省掉。

The train that ( which ) has just left is for Shanghai.刚开的那列火车是去上海的。(作主语)

The film that(which) we saw last night is wonderful.咱们昨日晚上看的电影好极了。(作宾语,可省掉)

(2)用that,不必which的状况

①当先行词是不定代词all,bbox one, few, little, everything, nothing,any, anything, little等不定代词或被它们润饰时。

Is there anything that I can do for you?

有什么要我做的事吗?

He answered few questions that the teacher asked.

他几乎没有答复教师的那些问题。

②当先行词被形容词第一流或序数词润饰时。

This was one of the most interesting books that were sold in this book store.这是这家书店售出的最风趣的书之一。

③当先行词有the very,the only,the same等润饰时。

That’s the only thing that we can do now.现在咱们只能这样了。

Those are the very words that he used.那便是他的原话。

④当先行词是一个既指人又指物的并排词组时。

They were talking about the persons and things that they saw in the fa牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长ctory.他们在议论在工厂里看到的人和事。

⑤当联系代词在约束性定语从句中作表语时。

China is not the country that it was.我国现已不是曩昔的我国了。

⑥当要避免与疑问词which重复时。

Which is the car that was made in Beijing?哪辆车是北京制作的?

⑦当先行词为the way, the time, the period等时,联系代词常用that,但一般被省掉。

I don't like the way(that)you speak to her.我不喜爱你对她说话的办法。

(3)用which,不必that的状况

①引导非约束性定语从句。

Football, which is an interesting元稹 game, is played all over the world牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长.全世界牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长都踢足球,它是一项风趣的运动。

②直接放在介词后作宾语时。

Language is the most important tool withoutwhich people can牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长't communicate with each other.言语是最重要的东西,没有它,人们便无法沟通。

6、联系代词who与that的差异

(1)当先行词是he、people、those,elder等时,引导词常用who。

He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man. 不到长城非好汉。

Those who are for me, put up your hands. 赞同我的人请举手。

(2)当引导词作定语从句的表语经常用that。

She isn't the little girl that she used to be. 她再也不是曩昔的那个小姑娘了。

He is the man that I asked for help yesterday.他便是我昨日求助的人。

7、as的用法

(1)as引导约束性定语从句一般构成such...as或the same...as固定调配,as在从句中可作主语、表语或宾语。

Many of the sports were the same as they are now.曩昔的许多运动项目同现在的相同。(作表语)

Don’t read s牛仔裤屁股uch books as are not worth reading. Read such books人鬼情未了 as you can understand.不要读那些不值得读的书,只去读那些你能读懂的书就能够了。

He lent me as much money as he had.她把一切的钱借给了我。

(2)such…that…与such…as

“such…that…”表明“如此……致使……”的意思,用来引导一个成果状语从句;而“such…as…”表“像……这样的……”的意思,用来引导定语从句,as在从句中充任主、宾或表语等。

He is such an honest man that we respect him.他是一羊肉饺子馅的做法个如此诚笃的人以至于咱们都敬重他。

He is such an honest man as we respect.他像咱们所敬重的这种诚笃的人。

(3)the same…that…与the same as

“the same…that…”表同一人或物,而“the same…as…”表同品种的东西。试比较下列两个语句:

This is the same book that I lost.这便是我丢掉那本书。(指同一本书)

This is the same book as I lost.这本书跟我丢掉那本书一模相同。(并不是本来的那一本)

(4)as 引导非约束性定语从句

as作联系代词,还可用来引导非约束性定语从句,能够用来替代一个语句或单词,as引导的语句可放在句首、句末或句中。

The moon, as is known to everybody, travels round the earth once every month.

As is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

四、联系副词

英语中的联系副词有where,when,why等。

1、when的用法

when指时刻,润饰表时刻的先行词,在定语从何中作时刻状语。

July and August are the months when the weather is hot. 七八月是气候很热的月份。

2、where的用法

where指地址,润饰表地址的先行词,在定语从句中作地址状语。

She will go home where she can rest. 她要回家了,在家里她能够歇息。

留意:先行词为表明时刻、地址的名词时,联系词不一定都用when或where。假如联系词在定语从句中作主语或宾语,就要用联系代词whch或that。

This is the factory that/which we visited last year.这是咱们上一年观赏的那家工厂。

I won't forget the time that we spent in the countryside.我永久不会忘掉我在乡村度过的那段韶光。

3、why的用法

why指原因,润饰名词reason,在定语从句中作原因状语。

This is the reason why he did so. 这便是他这样做了的理由。

Do you know the reason why he lef学位网t early?你知道他为什么早牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长走吗?

五、“介词+联系代词”用法

“介词+联系代词”的结构是一较为杂乱的问题,初学英语者对此往往感到扎手。因而,下面仅就几种常见的“介词+联系代词”的结构浅析如下。

1、介词+which在定语从句中别离作时刻、地址和原因状语

介词+which在联系分句中别离作时刻,地址和原因状语,替代相应的联系副词when,where和why。

I still remember the day on which (=when)I first came to school.我依然记住初来校园的那一天。

The factory in which (=where) I work is a large one.我作业的工厂是一个大厂子。

This is the reason for which(=why)he was put in prison.这便是他为什么被关起来的原因。

2、介词+which(指物)/whom(指人)在定语从句中作地址状语

介词+which(指物)/whom(指人)在联系分句中作地址状语,表明存在联系,联系分句主谓常须倒置。

They arrived at a farm house in front of which sat a small boy.他们来到一处农舍,前边坐着一个小孩。

I saw a man, on the head of whom stood a bird.我看见一个人,他的头上站着一只鸟。

3、不定代词或数词+of+which(指物)/whom(指人),在定语从句中作主语

不定代词或数词+of+which(指物)/whom(指人),在联系分句中作主语,阐明全体中的部分。

China has a lot of islands, one of which is Taiwan.我国有许多岛屿,其间之一是台湾。

There are a lot of students here,none of whom like the film.这儿有许多学生,他们之中无人喜爱这个电影。

4、介词+which(指物)/whom(指人),在联系分句中作意图、办法或地址状语

这种结构中的介词一般受动词或介词后的名词所约束。

Could you tell me for whom you've bought this coat?你能告诉我这件衣服是给谁买的吗?

5、介词+which(指物)/whom(指人),用于被迫结构的联系分句中,作状语,阐明动作的宣布者。

The wolf by which the sheep was killed was shot. 损伤羊的那只狼被打死了。

The man by whom the wolf was shot was a good hunter. 打死狼的那人是一个好猎手。

6、名词+of which,替代whose+名词,在联系分句中作定语。

I saw some trees, the leaves of which (=whose leaves)were black with disease.我看见一些树,它们的叶子因患病而发黑。

He mentioned a book, the title of which (=whose title )I've forgotten.他说到一本书,书的名我忘了。

7、介词+which(指物)/whose(指人),润饰后边的名词。

The driver was the man from whose room she had stolen the maps.司机便是她从他的房间偷走地图的那个人。

比较:介词+which+不定式。此种用法多见于牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长正式文体中,相当于一个带有主语和谓语的定语从句。

She had only 1.87 with which to buy(=she could 蒋纬国buy)Jim, her husband, a present.她只要一元八角七分钱,用这些钱给他的老公吉姆买一件礼物。

At last he had something about which to write (=he could write) home. 他总算有给家写信的内容了。

六、约束性定语从句和非约束性定语从句

1、约束性定语从句

定语从句分约束性定语从句和非约束性定语从句两种。约束性定语从句为先行词不行短少的定语。假如将这种定语从句省去,主句的意思就会不完好或失掉含义。这种从句和主句的联系非常亲近,写时不必逗号分隔。

She has found the necklace that she lost 2 years ago. 她找到了两年前丢掉的项圈。(约束性定语从句)

This is the man who came to see you yesterday.这便是昨日来看你的那个人。(约束性定语从句)

It happened at the time when I left the office. 这件事发生在我脱离办公室的时分。

2、非约束性定语从句

非约束性定语从句和主句的联系不非常亲近,仅仅对先行词作附加的阐明,假如去掉,主句的意思依然清楚。这种从句和主句之间往往用逗号分隔,一般不必that来引导。

Yesterday, I met Li Ping, who seemed to be busy. 昨日我遇见了李平,他好像很忙。(非约束性定语从句)

In Britai李研静n, which has a population of 55. 8 million, 110,000 people die from smoking each year. 英国有5580万人口,每年有11万人口死于吸烟。(非约束性定语从句)

Abraham Lincoln, who led the United States through these years, was shot on April 14, 1865 at a theatre in Washington, D. C. 领导美国人民阅历了这些年的亚伯拉罕林肯186牙结石怎样去除,望其项背-成年人考虑形式,带领你生长5年4月14日在华盛顿的一家戏院被枪杀。(非约束性定语从句)

3、约束性定语从句与非约束性定语从句的差异

(1)形式上不同

非约束性定语从句在书写时往往用逗号和主句分隔,而约束性定语从句不必逗号与主句分隔。

Last night I saw a very good film,which was about the Long March.

The man whom I met in the street was a driver.

(2)可否省掉的不同

约束性定语从句是先行词在含义上不行短少的定语,假如去掉,主句的意思就不完好或失掉含义,而非约束性定语从句是对先行词作的附加阐明,即便去掉,主句的意思依然完好。

I was the only person in my office who was invited.

They set up a state of their own, where they would be free to keep Negroes as slaves.

(3)联系代词的不同

非约束性定语从句不能用that替代who,whom和which,而且联系代词在非约束性定语从句中作宾语时也不能省掉,但在约束性定语从句中却恰恰相反。如:

This is the best film (that) I have ever seen.

She sang a new song, which we liked very much.

(4)翻译办法不同

约束性定语从句往往译在先行词之前,而非约束性定语从句往往译为一个并排的语句。

She is the nurse who looks after the children.她便是照顾这些孩子的阿姨。

This note was left by Xiao Wu, who was here a moment ago.这个便条是小吴留的,她方才到这儿来过。

比较:

He has a brother, who lives in Beijing. (有一个哥哥。)

He has a brother who lives in Beijing. (可能有几个哥哥,其间一个是住在北京的。)

4、as与which在非约束性定语从句中的用法差异

as和which作为联系代词都能够用来引导非约束性定语从句,指代整个主句所表达的内容,在从句中作主语或宾语,但它们在用法上是有差异的,这一点许多学生往往搞不清楚。现就它们引导非约束性定语从句时的用法简述如下:

(1)相同之处

当从句坐落主句之后,引导词指代整个主句所表达的悉数含义时,as和which能够交换。

The elephant is like a snake, as/which everybody can see.热和人都看得出,这头大象像条蛇。

He is an Englishman, as/which I know from his accent.他是一个英国人,那时我从他的口音上知道的。

2)不同之处

①as引导非约束性定语从句时,方位比较灵敏,可坐落主句之前,也可坐落主句之中或之后,而which引导非约束性定语从句只能坐落主句之后,不能谓小脑萎缩语主句之前。

Robert is good at languages, as we all know. 罗伯特拿手学言语,这咱们都知道。

As is known to all, China will be an advanced and powerful country in 20 or 30 years’ time. 都知道,再过二十到三十年,我国将成为一个强壮先进的国家。

Air, as we know, is a gas. 咱们知道,空气是一种气体。

留意:as引导非约束性定语从句常有“好像……那样”的含义,因而在一些固定结构如as we know/as is known to all(众所周知),as we all can see(正如咱们咱们都能看到的那样),as has been said before/above(正如前文所述),as has been pointed out(正如所指出的那样),as might be imagined(能够幻想得到),as might be expected(正如所意料的那样),as is often the case(状况常常是这样)等中,一般不能用which替代as。

②调配上,在由the same或such所润饰的名词后一般用as作联系代词引出约束性定语从句。

I have got into the same trouble as he (has).我遇到了与他相同的费事。

I've never heard of such a moving story as he is telling.我从未听过像他讲得那么风趣的故事。

③which引导的从句在含义上相当于一个并排句,能够用and this替代,意思是“这件事”;as引导的从句首要起衔接上下文的效果,表达说话人的观念、观点,并指出主句内容的依据或出处等。例如:

He sold his bicycle, which surprised me. (=He sold his bicycle, and this surprised me.)他把自行车卖了,这使我感到古怪。

As is known to all, China is the country with largest population in the world. 众所周知,我国是世界上人口最多的国家。

④当which在从句中指代的是先行词自身而不是主句时,不行用as替代which。

The apple tree, which I planted last year, has not borne any fruit.这棵苹果树是我上一年种下的,还没有结出任何果实。

The book, which I bought yesterday, is very instructive.我昨日买的那本书很有教育含义。

⑤在从句中作主语时,which既可作系动词be的主语,也可作实义动词的主语,而as只可作系动词be的主语。

He married her, which was natural. (可用as替代which)他和她成婚了,这是很天然的事。

He saw the girl, which顺丰单号查询快递查询 delighted him. (不行用as替代which)他见到了那个女孩,这使他很快乐。

He was late for class again, which made the teacher very angry. (不行用as替代which)他上课又迟到了,这使教师很气愤。

⑥as引导的从句在含义上不行与主语相悖,而which引导的从句则不受此约束。例如:

Mummy treats me like a baby, which I can't bear.妈妈把我当小孩看待,这使我不能忍耐的。

The result of the experiment was very good, which we hadn't expected.实验成果很好,这是咱们没艾酱团意料到的。

The weather turned out to be very good, which was more than we could expect.气候证明很好,这咱们没意料到。

七、特别的先行词

1、当先行词是way意为:办法、办法,时引导定语从句的联系词有三种状况:1)in which 2)that 3)不填。

Tell me the way (不填;in which; that)you came here.告诉我你缠绵是怎样来的。

2、当先行词是time意为:次数,时引导定语从句的联系黄骅气候预报词有两种状况:1)不填 2)that。

This is the first time I have been here.这是我第一次来这儿。

3、当先行词是one of+复数名词时,定语从句的谓语动词用复数。

He is one of the students who were praised yesterday.他是昨日遭到表彰的学生之一。

4、当先行词是the (only) one of+复数名词时,定语从句的谓语动词用奇数。

He is the only one of the students who was praised yesterday.他是昨日仅有遭到表彰的学生。

本文由大众号《向学霸进军》收拾修改于网络

the end
成年人思考模式,带领你成长